Aluminium penetration in cars (NEW)
A study published by Ducker Worldwide in cooperation with the European Aluminium Association (EAA) shows that the amount of aluminium used per car produced in Europe almost tripled between 1990 and 2012, increasing from 50kg to 140 kg. This amount is predicted to rise to 160 kg by 2020, and even reach as much as 180 kg if small and medium cars follow the evolution recorded in the upper segments of the automobile industry.
Furthermore, the weight savings achieved thanks to the aluminium content will lead to an average annual fuel saving of 65 litres per car, and will in total save roughly 43 million tonnes of CO2 emissions over the lifespan of the 17 million cars that will be produced in 2012.
The study can be downladed here!
A summary of the study can be downladed here!
Aluminium intensive Electric Vehicle (NEW)
Electric vehicles are today rather expensive, mainly because of the cost of batteries. It is therefore important to make electric cars as energy efficient as possible in order to minimize the required battery capacity. Lightweighting is one of the most obvious ways of improving the energy efficiency of any vehicle, including electric ones. In a study co-funded by the European Aluminium Association (EAA) and the International Aluminium Institute (IAI), Forschungsgesellschaft Kraftfahrwesen mbH Aachen (fka) has shown that an electric car of the VW Golf class can be made 187 kg lighter using aluminium instead of steel. The additional cost of building the car in aluminium is more than offset by the cost savings that can be made on the battery pack, since a lighter car needs less battery power to drive the same distance. The total cost of the aluminium electric vehicle is 635 € lower than that of the steel electric vehicle.
The study can be downloaded here!
A leaflet summarising the results can be downloaded here!
To see the effect of different input parameters, a calculation tool can be found here!
Stiffness and strength relevance of car components
Ika Aachen has performed a study looking at different car body components in order to assess if the component is primarily important for the stiffness of the car or for the strength of the car. They have then also assessed the different weight reduction potential by using Ultra High Strength Steel (UHSS)compared to aluminium. The study shows that the remaining weight saving potential for UHSS is 11 % while ihe remaining weight saving potential for Aluminium is 40 %. The full report can be downloaded here!
Optimised aluminium vehicle front section
The front section of a C-class vehicle have been analysed by the Institut für Kraftfahrwesen Aachen (ika). The aim was to develop and numerically analyse two concepts for an aluminium front section. The conservative aluminium concept is developed considering the exact design space limitations of a steel reference vehicle. For the progressive aluminium concept the design space is expanded, as far as possible with respect to the major package components of the reference vehicle, in order to achieve more design freedom and enable innovative ideas. Both aluminium concepts shall offer at least the same structural performance as the reference structure. Under this constraint a high level of weight reduction is intended. The results show that a weight reduction of 35 – 41% compared to a steel reference model could be achieved. The report can be downloaded here!
Aluminium Automotive Manual
The Aluminium Automotive Manual aims at providing technical information on aluminium automotive applications. The information is compiled into PDF documents which are classified into six major categories: applications, design, materials, products, manufacturing technologies and joining techniques.
The current version of the manual contains information developed within the 1st edition which was published in 2002 as well as updated documents developed in 2011. This updating work focussed mainly on the two categories applications and design.
The manual can be found here!